Ngorongoro Crater is a bowl shaped depression produced by the impacts of a meteorite , volcano activity or an explosion produced by the collision. The Ngorongoro Crater, was established in 1959 as a conservation area by the governing body Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA)
The word Ngorongoro derived from the Maasai language after the cowbell sound (ngoro ngoro) produced from their livestock’s until now the Maasai people keep grazing their livestock in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
Ngorongoro Crater is one of the pre historic sites in the world where the fossills discovered are said to be evidence of the human species as well as human foot print also discovered there. Apart from that, there is presence of Shifted sand, Lake Magadi where it’s a shallow soda lake and consist of high number pink flamingo, Olduvai Gorge and Masai village
The Ngorongoro crater in the eastern great rift valley and extinct volcanic caldera in northern part of Tanzania. It is found in western of Arusha town with area of 102 km2 while the overall Conservation area covers 8292 km2. A Crater formed about 2.5 million years ago from a larger volcano collapsed inward after eruption where it leaves the present vast and caldera. The caldera is usually open grassland and includes different kind of animals such as leopards, buffalo, zebras, black rhinoceroses, elephant, warthogs, gnu (wildebeests) grants and Thompsons gazelles and larger population of lions, except the giraffe, they are not founded in the crater because its difficult for them to walk due to the steepness of some sides of the crater.
Ngorongoro Crater can be visited through out the year but the best time to visit is during dry season from may to October where the wildlife can be seen more closer.